Sterilization and Infection Control News Update - June 2014

MERS was still making the headlines during May and June, especially with the approach of the hajj pilgrimages, although the surge in Saudi seems to have dropped due to improved hygiene and infection control procedures in hospitals. Our recent post summarized MERS in a simple language. Two MERS cases were detected in the US, both patients recovered and the disease did not spread. A third case detected in the US was a false alarm. The WHO and public health experts criticized the Saudi health authority for failing to implement basic hygiene and infection control measures in hospitals, allowing the virus to spread in clusters of health workers. Here is a summary of the most recent MERS headlines:

 

Second MERS Case in the U.S.

12 May, 2014

A second imported case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) was confirmed late night on May 11 in a traveler to the United States.

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Study Expected to Reveal How MERS Coronavirus Is Transmitted from Camels to Humans

18 June, 2014

MERS is still a mystery and hopefully this research will help track its origins.

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Image Credit: REUTERS

 

WHO Determines that MERS is Serious but Not a Global Emergency

17 June, 2014

​Among the questions still open about the recent surge in cases is exactly where infection control in Saudi Arabia fell down.

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MERS, a Serious Public Health Problem

17 June, 2014

MERS situation continued to be "of concern", especially given an anticipated increase in travel to Saudi Arabia related to the pilgrimages and religious festivals. 

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With MERS threat, Morocco advises against Hajj

18 June, 2014

This article raises concerns due to the upcoming Hajj pilgrimage. It also raises the criticism that there wasn't enough cooperation on a global level. Very interesting!

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Above and beyond MERS here is some more industry news that we found interesting:

Poor Infection Control Procedures Lead to HIV Transmissions at Haemodialysis center in Saudi Arabia

04 June, 2014

This story is not related to MERS, buy raises a concern regarding overall infection control procedures in Saudi Arabia.

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Autoclave Proves to be Useful for Medical Waste

22 June, 2014

Incinerator gets autoclave: In Malta two autoclaves were added to an existing incinerator to support and improve the treatment of medical waste.

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Patients at York County Surgical Centere Tested for HIV, Hepatitils After Sterilization Concerns

30 May, 2014

This is what happens when a surgical center does not follow nationally accepted procedures for sterilizing equipment.

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Patients at York County surgical center tested for HIV, Hepatitis after sterilization concerns​

Social Media Campaign Gets Patients & Professionals Talking About Infection Control in the Dental Clinic

30 May, 2014

A fun promotion to raise patient awareness of infection control practices in the dental clinic.

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Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the referenced articles and blog posts are solely those of the original authors and other contributors. These views and opinions do not necessarily represent those of Tuttnauer, the tuttnauer.com staff, and/or any/all contributors to this site.

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MERS - No Cure and Spreading

MERS Virus Made Simple

With Internet technologies, we can map and track the spread of diseases around the world in real time and with relative ease. It’s fascinating to follow how diseases spread, and sometimes it can be quite scary. MERS is grabbing global media attention as the latest disease on the rise. Much remains unknown about how MERS is transmitted, and a vaccine has yet to be discovered. We would like to introduce you to this mysterious visitor from the Middle East and show you how hospitals and health-care facilities work to prevent its spread.

The Latest Addition to the Corona Family - Mers

MERS-CoV, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, is the virus that causes MERS. You’re probably familiar with Corona beer, but Corona is also a family of viruses, ranging from the common cold to SARS, which spread throughout China in 2003. Coronaviruses were first identified in the 1960s, but we don’t know where they come from. They get their name from their crown like shape. Discovered in 2012, MERS is the youngest member of the notorious coronavirus family. Research shows that MERS has long infected animals but only recently crossed over to humans.

Camels and Bats to Human Transmission

Researchers are still trying to track the origins of MERS. There is evidence that camels in Saudi Arabia were infected as far back as 1992. Before that, MERS attacked Egyptian tomb bats. These bats are found is South Africa and Asia but seem to transmit to people only in the Middle East.

The Virus seems to be adapting to humans, contributing to its spread.

Human-to-Human Transmission

MERS appears to spread among those in close contact, such as family members, patients, and health‐care workers. In some communities, people have become ill but no source of infection has been found.

MERS, Sterilization and Infection Control

What happens when MERS enters the health-care environment? There is quite a bit of spread within hospital settings. Most of the spike in cases this spring is due to hospital outbreaks in the UAE and Saudi Arabia. Hospitals are a great place for viruses to spread, since sick people are highly vulnerable to infection. 

There have been clusters of cases in health‐care facilities, where human‐to‐human transmission appears to be very efficient, especially when infection prevention and control practices are inadequate. Nineteen kidney-failure patients contracted MERS in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, probably due to poor decontamination procedures. It is very important to develop proper guidelines for infection prevention and preparedness in order to protect health-care providers and patients.

The good news: Proper infection control and sterilization procedures can easily beat MERS. Coronaviruses are fairly fragile. Outside the body, they can’t survive past a day and readily succumb to common cleaning agents. Standard disinfection and sterilization processes are adequate for sterilizing instruments or materials that have been contaminated by blood or other fluids of people infected with MERS. It is also important to decontaminate all wastes – often by steam sterilization – before disposal.

The Future of MERS 

Millions of people around the world are expected to make the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, during July 2014. Proper sterilization and infection-control procedures plus simple hygiene can prevent a pandemic. Let’s all keep our eyes open and hope the worst of MERS is behind us.

​A close-up of the MERS coronavirus

 

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